Yoga-Wiki

 

Asana

Yoga pose. It is the path of purifying and strengthening the body. It requires great effort to achieve the mastery and perfection of the pose. It drives the student from the physical level to the spiritual one. When practiced with stability and without effort, it is no more done with the physical body, but with the inner self. In this stage one achieves the union between body, mind and soul. It is the third of the “eight limbs of yoga”.

 

Ashram

Place for a spiritual retreat based in the Hindu hermits ashrams. There, people can receive teachings from a guru about yoga, meditation or just be by their own.

 

Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga

Yoga method interpreted and practiced by Sri Pattabhi Jois. It is a set of fluid movements where each pose is linked to the next one followed by the breath.

 

Ashtanga Yoga

“Eight limbs of yoga” that leads the student to enlightenment. It was described by the sage Patanjali in his sacred texts “Yoga Sutras”. These eight limbs are: Yama, Nyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi.

 

Ayurveda

“Knowledge of life”. System of traditional Indian medicine that keeps the mind and body balanced and healthy. Ayurveda is based on the five great elements: earth, fire, water, air, ether and it stresses a balance of the three bodily humours (doshas): vata (air and space), pitta (fire and water) and kapha (water and earth). It uses techniques such as: massage, yoga, herbs and nutrition.

 

Bhagavad Gita

Sacred Hindu text incorporated in Mahabharata, which consists in a dialogue in which Krishna instructs the prince Arjuna in ethical matters of life and God. The principal message of the this masterpiece is to do one persons´ duty (dharma) bravely and with selfless dedication without desire for reward.

 

Bhakti

Devotion. Spiritual practice of developing loving devotion to an image of God.

 

Bikram Yoga 

Yoga method based in thirteen postures performed usually twice for a certain period of time, and breathing exercises. The poses are done in a heated room (approximately 40,5ºC) to prevent injuries, facilitate the calorie burning, flush toxins out of the body and promote relaxation. As your body becomes more flexible in the heat, it allows the practitioner to get more easily in a challenging pose.

 

Brahman

God of the universe. He is the creator of everything that exists in the universe.

 

Chakra

Energy vortices and centres of consciousness. According to ancient texts, chakras are spots where 216 nadis/ meridians (energy channels) cross over each other creating energy spirals. In the human body there are seven major chakras and thousands of secondary chakras. The seven chakras and their respective locations are: muladhara, located at the lower part of the spinal column, corresponds to the sacral plexus; swadhisthana, at the genital organs, corresponds to the prostate plexus; manipura, at the navel, corresponds to the solar plexus; anahata, at the heart, corresponds to the cardiac plexus; vishuddha, at the throat, corresponds to the laryngeal plexus; ajna, between the eyebrows, corresponds to the cavernous plexus; sahasrara, at the crown of the head.

 

Dharana

Holding steady in every single aspect of the individual soul. It is the sixth of the “eight limbs of yoga”.

 

Dhyana

Meditation. When a yogi is dharana without the limitation of time and space, this concentration becomes dhyana. It is the seventh of the “eight limbs of yoga”.

 

Ganesh

God of success and destroyer of obstacles. Is one the five major hindu divinities.

 

Hatha Yoga

Yoga method that uses postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayama) and meditation to achieve a better state of physical, mental and spiritual health. There are a variety of yoga paths that use this method, like Ashtanga Vinyasa, Iyengar, Kripalu and Jivamukti.

 

Iyengar Yoga

Yoga method founded by B.K.S. Iyengar (student and brother in law of Sri Krishnamacharaya). It is based in hatha yoga and its focus is on the structural alignment of the body, through the improvement of the poses and the rhythm of breaths. It uses a wide variety of props like belts, chairs, bricks, bolsters with the purpose of adapting the personal condition to the pose.

 

Karma

Process of cause and effect. All action creates reaction.

 

Kundalini Yoga

Yoga method that integrates the physical, mental and spiritual aspects of yoga in a cohesive system. Kundalini is the primordial energy that resides on the muladhara chakra that when is awakened, it makes a sound of a serpent, that is why it is called the “serpent power”. According to the master Yogi Bhajan, the kundalini energy can be awaken and enlightened through the practice of yoga techniques like mantras, prana, breath techniques, asanas, meditation and prayers.

 

Mantra

Sacred verbal form repeated in prayers, meditations or invocations that is believed to have a positive and vibratory impact on the energetical part of the body.

 

Namaste

Gesture with both hands in preying position. It represents the belief that the divinity exists inside of each one of us at the level of the chakra of the heart. It is a common salutation used in India and Nepal that means “The divine in me, bows the divine in you”.

 

Nyama

Second limb of yoga. Group of laws or rules that need to be observed by individuals, at the personal level.

 

Om

Sacred mantra of the creation of the universe. According to the legend, Brahma was one and non-dual. On that moment he thought that maybe he wanted to become many. That caused a vibration and sound, and this sound was Om. This mantra is pronounced like “AUM”.

 

Patañjali

Sage and author of the “Yoga Sutras”, a Hindu scripture and foundational text of Yoga.

 

Prana

Life force that flows through the meridians on the electromagnetic field of the body.

 

Pranayama

Control of the breath. The result is serenity of the nervous system and mental calmness. It is the fourth of the “eight limbs of yoga”.

 

Pratyahara

Control over the senses. Implies withdrawal of the senses from attachment to external objects.

 

Samadhi

State of enlightenment. Last stage of the “eight limbs of yoga” when the soul meets God and doesn’t reincarnate again.

 

Shiva

God of dissolution and recreation. Shiva dissolves the universe for creation o the next cycle.

 

Sivananda Yoga

Yoga method. It is a classical and holistic approach to hatha yoga in which the student stretches and tones the body, where the main goal is to control and to calm the mind. The teachings were not changed and they are practiced originally. It was presented by Swami Sivananda and brought to the occident by Swami Vishnudevananda.

 

Tantra Yoga

Yoga method. Holistic approach about the study of the universe through the individual point o view. The goal of tantra yoga is to harmonize and awaken the male and female aspects within each person in order to spiritually awaken.

 

Vishnu

God preserver of the Universe, while Shiva and Brahma are the destroyer and creator.

 

Yama

Self conducts to the interpersonal life. It is the first of the “eight limbs of yoga”.